Health screenings are tests that help locate the diseases inside the human body before the symptoms start to appear. It can detect the disease in time and when they are easier to treat, rather than facing inevitable surgery at the last stages. You can get regular health checkups at your doctor’s office or clinic while for special equipment, you might have to visit other hospitals.
Some of the famous conditions that doctors can screen prior to the symptoms include breast and cervical cancer in women, colorectal cancer, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, osteoporosis, obesity, prostate cancer in men, and more. If any of the aforementioned diseases run in your family, you must get regular checkups to stay clear and healthy.
Mostly, people think that I’m feeling well and healthy so why should I go for a health checkup? Sometimes, you may not show any signs or symptoms of the disease. That is why it is very important to have yourself checked on a regular basis. Early detection and treatment of the disease is much easier for both doctors and patients and lowers the risk of serious complications. For example, certain chronic diseases like diabetes take a long time to develop in your body. Cancer starts with a small lump and by the time patients feel any pain or symptom, it may already be at an advanced stage which is very difficult to treat. It doesn’t matter if you exercise regularly and watch your diet and intake, such diseases can occur at any time. Similarly, non-smokers can also develop lung cancer as it is very unexpected.
Most common diseases like high blood pressure or high cholesterol occur in older age but health professionals encourage people under 30 to go for health screening every two years and those over 30 are advised to screen yearly.
Remember, health screening is different from the diagnostic tests which are done when someone is injured or already showing symptoms of a disease. Some common tests conducted during a health screening are:
- Cholesterol Tests: if you are a regular smoker or alcohol consumer, the doctor will check the cholesterol level, especially if you are obese.
- Blood Pressure Test: one of the most common and important tests to figure out whether you have high blood pressure.
- Mammograms, Osteoporosis: usually conducted to check if you have bone infections or breast / cervical cancer, or other disorders that affect women.
- Diabetes Test: very common disease in today’s world and if it runs in your family history.
- Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs): if the person is sexually active, and there and more than one sexual partner.
- Prostate Cancer Test: important for men to have checked regularly if they are obese and are over 50 years of age.
- Colorectal Cancer: highly recommended for those above the age of 50, with inflammatory bowel disorder, colorectal polyps, and inherited mutations.
The procedures normally take half an hour to half a day, depending on the number of tests the doctor needs to conduct. Other tests include x-rays, blood tests, fecalysis, urinalysis, etc