Sep 20, 2021

5 Most Common Eye Infections and How to Treat Them - Eye Medicine

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If you have pain in your eye, a feeling or sensation that something is inside your eye, blurred or decreased vision, watery discharge, redness, or swollenness, you might have caught some eye infection. They are usually common and can be treated with some home remedies or with the use of eye medicine. Here, we will discuss the five most common eye infections and the ways to treat them.

1 – Conjunctivitis

It is also known as pink eye and is one of the most common eye infections. You get this infection when the thin outermost membrane of your eyeball, called the conjunctiva, gets infected by some bacteria or virus. It is most commonly infected by the chemicals, like chlorine, used in swimming pools. It turns your eye to reddish or pinkish and it gets thick when you wake up. Water discharge is also common during this infection. If it is bacterial, it can be treated through antibiotic eye drops, ointments, or oral medications. And if it is viral, the symptoms tend to fade away in 7 to 10 days while you can use a clean warm towel or some other cloth to relieve discomfort.

2 – Keratitis

This happens when the cornea, the clear outer layer at the front of the eye, gets infected. It could be either bacterial, viral, fungal, or parasitic. Common symptoms include redness and swelling, pain or discomfort, watery discharge, pain when you open or close your eyelid, loss or reduced vision, etc. The bacterial infection can be treated with antibacterial eye drops or by taking oral antibiotics. For fungus, you will need antifungal eye drops or medication. For viral, oral antiviral or eye drops can be taken.

3 – Endophthalmitis

It refers to the severe inflammation of the inside of your eye. It could be affected by a bacteria or fungal infection. You can get Endophthalmitis after eye surgery or if your eye is penetrated by an object. The symptoms include pain, partial or complete vision loss, redness or swollenness, sensitivity to bright lights, etc. It can be treated by injecting antibiotics in your eye with a needle to stop the infection. If something is inside your eye, it will need removal right away. After which, your eyes will start to get better in a few days.

4– Blepharitis

It is basically the inflammation of your eyelids. It can be caused by some bacteria. The common symptoms include itchiness, swelling, redness, oiliness, a sensation of burning, watery eyes, etc. Blepharitis can be treated by cleaning your eyelids with clean water or applying a warm, clean cloth on your eyelids. Lubricating eye drops can also be used along with antibiotics and ointments.

5 - Sty

It is a pimple-like bump that can be developed on the outer edges of your eyelids. It is usually caused by an oil gland when it gets clogged with dead skin. The common symptoms include pain, itchiness, irritation, swelling, etc. A sty can be treated by applying a clean, warm cloth on your eyelids for 20 minutes at a time – few times a day. Pain relievers such as acetaminophen can be taken along with antibiotic ointments.

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